Organized by Zayed International Prize for the Environment, Dubai, United Arab Emirates. Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons can adhere to fine particles. It also exacerbates asthma and emphysema. Unfortunately, the situation in some other less developed countries is not encouraging. And 10% of the rest of respondents who do not drive chose the bus as transport.
In addition, the values were low in comparison with other known sites around the world. Generally, the information obtained in this study will be invaluable as no data for the mineral content of atmospheric dust existed in the Oman. During this time, most leaders had their words for Kuwait, most of which were negative and pessimistic. Other examples include the carbon monoxide gas from motor vehicle exhaust or the sulfur dioxidereleased from factories. In Canada alone, chronic diseases account for 87% of total disability and 89% of all deaths.
The atmosphere is a complex natural gaseous system that is essential to support life on planet Earth. . Typical pollutant concentration trends, similar to those previously reported for Kuwait and for other locations around the world, are observed except for particulate matter measurements, which have higher values because of proximity to the desert. These are mixed in with multiple air pollutions. The aim of this work is to characterize the mineral phases present in the atmosphere at three locations in northern Oman. It is estimated that half of the Canadian population live currently with a chronic illness and more than 90% of them have these three diseases.
People exploit billions of tons of coal, petroleum, gas and expel into the environment a large amount of toxic waste annually. Factories produce millions of particles that are carried off into the air. When outdoor and indoor dusts were correlated, the ratios between indoor-outdoor mean concentrations revealed that lead, zinc, and copper were generated internally, while nickel and chromium were from external sources. Acute respiratory effects of particulate air pollution. Even in Ancient Rome people complained about smoke put into the atmosphere.
In this communication, we review recent activities and trends of primary and secondary air pollutants in the state of Kuwait, a country associated with petroleum, petrochemical, and other industrial pollution. Of the locations, Sohar came out as the site with the worst corrosion record. In addition to transportation, the burning of fossil fuels also play a role in the high amounts of air pollution in cities. Air pollution that occurs naturally is considered as a natural source and air pollution caused by humans are called anthropogenic or man-made sources. Fine particles can react with sulphur dioxide and oxides of nitrogen in the atmosphere to form strong acids, such as sulphuric acid, nitric acid, hydrochloric acid, and acid aerosols.
The observed concentrations were obtained by using Na 2 diffusion tubes to monitor the spatial distribution of Na 2 concentrations around at four sites downwind of the plant site. For this reason, protecting the air is an urgent issue that needs doing right now. Because it is located in the atmosphere, air pollution is able to travel easily. However, the comparisons showed that the relationship between the modelled and measured concentrations was consistent. Wind Direction The predominant wind direction during the study period was blowing from north westerly; strong wind was also observed which was blowing from north westerly direction.
The highest average pollution levels over urban settlements are typically in Bahrain, Kuwait, Qatar, and the United Arab Emirates. Asthma is chronic inflammatory disease. This is evidence of increased air pollution which shows that there has been little progress to reverse the effect of the Gulf wars more than a decade later. So I have a hard time believing any of this. However, 70% of the total contribution of the studied sources in Al-Riqa urban area was from the traffic and line sources side. The road transport is vital for the local inhabitants as the sole means of transport commuting and transporting goods.
A substance in the air that can cause harm to humans and the environment is known as an air pollutant. Most of its populace directly or indirectly depend on the oil and its products for their daily lives. . All important meteorological parameters have been included in the model, each being measured every five minutes over twelve months and then averaged on a monthly basis. Standard traceable calibration gases were used to calibrate the analyzers. The average temperature recorded is 340 Celsius. Air pollution can cause health problems and can also damage the natural world.
Measurements were made at 5 minute intervals and were stored on a data station. However, in the rural and urban areas, power stations and oil refinery plants makes a huge contribution to air pollution as well. There is no doubt that the keeping the air quality clean and protect it from various sources of emissions represents a major global issues and concern for any government. In the State of Kuwait, the topic of air pollution has been discussed by many researchers111213141516. A third hypothesized pathophysiological pathway suggests that ultrafine particles and soluble components of fine particles may cross the pulmonary epithelium into the circulation, thus conferring a direct effect on the cardiovascular system by altering cardiac autonomic function: perhaps contributing to the instability of a vascular plaque or initiate cardiac arrhythmias ;. With data collected for three years it was discovered that hydrogen sulfide H2S was the pollutant with the major annual increase due to the abundant sources surrounding the area under investigation.
The purpose of this study is to assess the potential environmental air quality impacts arising from the construction and operation of train 3. The This work is dealing essentially with atmospheric corrosion to assess the degrading effects of air pollutions on various metals that are mostly used in the engineering systems. Thus, the second objective concerns the short-term forecasting of ozone concentration based on a neural network method. In the subsequent decades, especially in economically developed countries, changes in fuels e. A study carried out in 2005 revealed that an average Kuwait resident traveling to and from work generated about: Al-Mutairi and Koushki, 2009 a 31,275 tons of Volatile Organic Compounds b 247,764 tones of carbon monoxide c 19,594 tons of oxides of nitrogen d 1,703 tons of sulfur dioxide e 6 million tons of carbon dioxide Traffic has been rated as the leading cause of air pollution in Kuwait urban areas. Every organism on Earth needs air and we are destroying it with the daily needs we are utilizing.