He is not nervous at all and he attempts to convey his calmness to the audience. Augustus saw the opportunity the rebuild the theater with his own vision in mind while also illustrating to the public that he had no intentions of taking credit for the drastic, pretentious changes that were taking place in Rome. Augustus took pride in his conquests and took his role as the imperator commander in chief of Rome very seriously. This is certainly how Suetonius presents the building projects of Augustus. This can be seen on the Ara Pacis, where each woman looks the same, and each man has hair like Augustus. Like Pompey before him, Augustus incorporated aspects of Alexander the Great into his image.
Marble used to be shipped all the way from Greece, however once the marble from Luna was found Augustus transformed the city. However, Augustus subtly or otherwise tried to assert his godliness without actually proclaiming himself a deity. Aulus Metellus Bronze The sculpture of the Roman Republic period was influenced by the art they found in Greece but with their own twist. Their bodies are depicted as perfect forms, as to match the exaggerated emotions on their faces. Their are Ionic columns and two engaged columns…meaning part of the column is set into the wall. Through the sheer size alone the art and architecture of Augustean Rome exemplified the legitimacy and power that Augustus wanted to depict. Whether it be a politian running for office in the old Republic or simply the current emperor trying to validate his totalitarian rule, art and architecture were crucial in conveying messages and propaganda to the masses of the Roman Empire.
The sculpture encompasses several different techniques and styles to carve Augustus's public image. The men were perhaps dominant ; there was a word for « wife », puia, which ties a woman to her husband conceptually, but none for husband. Augustus made sure that throughout his reign, his own and Livia's portraits depicted youthful leaders regardless of their actual ages and appearances. The male and female names refer to the same family. In Rome there was a fictional insistence on a long family heritage, as sound ancestry important in Rome. It is a fine example of Republican architecture. Model of the Sanctuary of Fortuna Primigenia Another architectural feature of the Romans is the use of the round arch and vault.
Brendel, Etruscan Art, 2nd ed. Kleiner discusses that Augustus used portraiture to create his public image of supremacy and divinity. The Forum was the central gathering area for the Empire. The Aulus Metellus sculpture was found in 1566 with the exact location being debated, but all sources agree the sculpture was found either in or around in the on the border between and , 177 kilometers 110 miles from. The figures abundance of wrinkles, a strong brow, and sunken skin, characterize the portrait head. Also, Kleiner points to further propaganda in how Augustus manipulates society through the political craft of producing mass quantities of coins to be used as currency for the people of Rome.
He even spent much of his own money to repave Via Flamina and other roads throughout the empire. Ara Pacis Augustae was the apogee in this storytelling. It has a porch, a single set of steps, and a rectangular cella. However, it is important to note that in Rome itself, Augustus did not flout his god-like status in the face of the Roman citizens, who might take offense at his hubris, but he saves his more unquestionably Jupiter-like portraits for the regions outside of Rome. He carefully controlled his image as a ruler by dictating his appearance in works of art distributed throughout the empire. He is always aware that the audience may disagree with him and soothes the audience by his calmness and steadiness. The frieze, decorated with elaborate wreaths and garlands, depicts sacrificial ceremonies, as well as Augustus's family and ancestors.
The Augustan portrait was also barefoot like Hellenistic kings, once again drawing upon more Greek ideals. He uses public buildings as a means of glorifying not only himself, but also his heirs and family. Regardless, other imperial family members bear unrealistic resemblances to Augustus and Livia in the Ara Pacis Augustae. This pleased the public and most likely persuaded them that this new governmental form and the leader at its head were beneficial to their society. The garlands show the notion of peace and fertility, while the patera reflects that this is a religious space.
The view from the Via Flaminia entering the city is spectacular, and represents to all foreign travelers the splendor of Rome. It is evident that through various architectural projects Augustus was able to transform Rome, bringing peace and justice into the city. This allowed Augustus to manipulate his image throughout the empire in order to maintain his place of power. The Ara Pacis represents the peace that Augustus brought to Rome. The Byzantine Empire was defeated by the in 1453. Here we see a picture of how the concrete was used.
New Haven: Yale University Press, 1995. This form of propaganda created a sense of ease and security in the Roman people. Both sculptures are shown in a similar contrapposto stance, and both figures are idealized. Prior rulers had emphasized experience, but Augustus represented himself as young and lively in sculpture and other public art. Once the civil war was ended, Augustus focused his attention on building and creating works of art and architecture in the city of Rome. Some names were entirely female.
This is similar to how Augustus truly held all the power in Rome, and though he never explicitly advertised it, every citizen knew he was the sole ruler. One of the most politically charged monuments he erected was the Ara Pacis. The Romans used this veristic style of portraiture to show how wise and experienced the figures were, which were very influential characteristics to have. The other side shows Caesar, his father, as a young man. He had to promote a persona that was both legitimate and powerful, a man or the people, while not appearing to be too absorbed in the power that his position offered him. Egypt was the concurred area that made Augustus emperor.
Even before his ascent to the throne, Augustus as Octavian understood the importance of using coinage as a means of propaganda and a way to convey messages to his people to promote his own self-image and his victories. Augustus also was not in search for recognition for his feats, but rather wanted the exact opposite. With the end of the Punic wars and the defeat of Carthage, Rome gained control of the entire western Mediterranean. In this capacity, the forum was a gesture of goodwill towards the people of Rome indeed, as it provided another venue for public exchange of goods, services, and justice. Augustus built the Forum of Augustus to help the two existing forums with the overload of law-suits.