The Opposition Between Fact and Fancy While Mr. How could you give me life, and take from me all the inappreciable things that raise it from the state of conscious death? Book the Second: Reaping: Chapters 1—4 Coketown lay shrouded in a haze of its own. While Sissy is often criticized at school for delighting in fancy rather than fact, Louisa has discovered she prefers imagination to reason. As Harthouse becomes more enrapt with Louisa, Tom offers more and more secrets until he finally falls into a stupor. All of her running back and forth in the nighttime rain has caused her to get a violent cold but this does not stop her from completing her mission. Even though chattel slavery was abolished, industrial slavery continued. Bounderby that his wife has all but eloped with Mr.
Gradgrind's old pupils, Bitzer, who has been brainwashed by his education of facts, almost prevents Tom's escape, but thanks to the cunning of the circusmaster, Tom manages to evade Bitzer's clutches and escapes to another country. Monotony is the keynote — the streets are all alike. The novel begins with Mr. Betrayal of workmates is encouraged — they are asked to spy on one another, Tom sets up Stephen as a fall guy. Mismatched Marriages There are many unequal and unhappy marriages in Hard Times, including those of Mr.
As the chapter ends, she laughs at Stephen scornfully. In addition to the theme of imagination in Hard Times, Dickens created the theme focused on unchecked industrialization. When one of his worst students, Sissy Jupe, is abandoned by her father a circus performer , Mr. Now, there are plenty of long-winded theories, and tweed-jacketed economists out there who love to talk about big, economic forces and political decisions and yadda yadda yadda. Sparsit was once Bounderby's housekeeper.
James Harthouse, as an instructor in his school. He sums up her virtues by referring to her as his guiding angel. Gradgrind hopes that he might be able to get his son passage on a ship that will send him far away from shame and punishment. These sets of facts cannot be reconciled because they depend upon perspective. Before he dies, he asks Mr. Gradgrind gives up his philosophy of fact and devotes his political power to helping the poor.
Second, Darwin's evidence had left no room for God in the universe; therefore, everything had changed and thinking must change. Once Harthouse learns that Louisa does not love her husband, he privately resolves to seduce her. Overviews of key critical history and relevant contexts will enhance your knowledge and help you to develop your own responses to the novel. With the unspoken aid of Mrs. He is forty but he looks much older and has had a hard life. After trying several other things, Harthouse decided that he might as well give statistics a try and so he had himself coached and instructed in various philosophies.
Feeding both his pupils and family with facts, he bans fancy and wonder from any young minds. Thus, Bounderby represents the possibility of social mobility, embodying the belief that any individual should be able overcome all obstacles to success—including poverty and lack of education—through hard work. Until 1832 the old Tudor list of boroughs was still in use. Sparsit is adept at manipulating her circumstances around her belief that she is a great lady wronged by others. Sparsit, a member of the ancient Powler stock. He immediately takes an interest in Louisa and decides to try to seduce her. He fears Sissy will corrupt Louisa, but he is mistaken.
With the softening of the penalties and the stressing of prevention and correction came a decrease in crime. His rage intensifies when he learns a bank he owns has recently been robbed and the thief, Bounderby is certain, is Blackpool. After he voices this opinion, he is cast out of the meeting. The mechanizing effects of industrialization are compounded by Mr. He confesses his love but Louisa remains resistant. Sparsit dragged his very respectable and kind mother to the public eye, thinking her to be an aid to Stephen Blackpool in the Bank robbery.
Self-sacrifice, altruism, generosity, and compassion were all high on his must-do list. Thomas Gradgrind Thomas Gradgrind is the first character we meet in Hard Times, and one of the central figures through whom Dickens weaves a web of intricately connected plotlines and characters. Marriage in Hard Times Having Sissy in Gradgrind's house worries Bounderby, who wants to marry teenage Louisa. Sparsit from his presence and she is forced to spend the rest of her days with an old, sick, miserly relation. Soon after that, the bank is robbed, and as a result of his suspicious activity, Stephen is the main suspect. Sparsit tells him that she is very young and not all that intimidating. With this bill came a new type of Parliament — one with representatives from the rising middle class-and several other important reforms.
Now there is definitely some dispute about how far the economists really wanted to take their theories. This one work had the most profound influence of all secular writings on the thinking of the period. Gradgrind expounds his philosophy of calculating, rational self-interest. They have been friends for many years and Stephen takes consolation in this. Gradgrind is at first hesitant but he soon agrees with Bounderby that Cecilia must be removed from the school so that she might not infect the other students with her ideas.
Sparsit frequently brings up the fact that she descends from one of the best families in the kingdom. Stephen does so, but no help arrives. Sparsit follows Louisa to the train station and thinks that Louisa has hired a coachman to get her to Coketown faster but after a few moments Sparsit sees that she is incorrect. Bounderby continually trumpets his role as a self-made man who was abandoned in the gutter by his mother as an infant. Gradgrind looks at the situation analytically and dismisses the fact of Bounderby being fifty years old. Bounderby because her father convinces her that doing so would be a rational decision. There were great intellectual and spiritual disturbances both in society and within the individual.