Therefore, immigration policies aimed at the Japanese such as the 1907 and the 1924 Johnson-Reed Act did not specifically or exclusively single out Japan. A man who could prove his merchant status could obtain a merchant's certificate, allowing him to travel between China and the United States and the Territory of Hawaii. As a result of this decision the number of Chinese immigration cases heard in Federal court diminished significantly. The Immigration Act of 1924 stated that aliens ineligible for U. Blake pertaining to customs activities in Port Townsend, Washington, 1881-1884 5 volumes, 3 linear inches. One of the key issues that social exclusion causes is because it is in contradiction to the right to equal opportunity.
The following Chester Arthur video will give you additional important facts and dates about the political events experienced by the 21st American President whose presidency spanned from September 19, 1881 to March 4, 1885. District Court for the Northern District of California, 1852-c. Between 1870 and 1900, for example, nearly 12 million immigrants arrived in the United States for a range of economic, political, and social reasons. The Chinese Exclusion Act was one of the dark phases in American history. In 1877 anti-Chinese riots occurred in San Francisco, California.
Because migration within the Western Hemisphere was not regulated by the quota system, it seemed possible that Chinese residents in Central and South America would re-migrate to the United States. Most court records are case files arranged by type of action, such as civil or criminal, and then numerically by case number. Other acts of social exclusion are denial of access to certain public amenities because of various factors or lack of certain traits, and denial of an opportunity to engage in certain processes that involve democratic and civil engagement. Contracts with exclusion clauses require the offeree to understand the terms and agree to them before appending his or her. Various series of letters sent and received, some in letterpress books, arranged by type of document and thereunder roughly chronologically. Situated just north of the border with Mexico, the Campo office's main duty was to regulate traffic crossing the border.
Imprisonment or deportation were the penalties for those who failed to have the required papers or witnesses. Arthur vetoed this bill, saying that it was too harsh. A database to the case files is being compiled. A database index is being compiled listing name, aliases, hometown, occupation, port of entry, date and place of birth, and other details. The first group is arranged by type of file returning, landed, refused, miscellaneous and thereunder by file number; the second group is arranged by file number. The land was vast and there were not enough people so immigration was encouraged. In 1892, Congress voted to renew exclusion for ten years in the Geary Act, and in 1902, the prohibition was expanded to cover Hawaii and the Philippines, all over strong objections from the Chinese Government and people.
Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1994. Finding aids include docket books containing name indexes of defendants. Chen Jessie Cheng Charitable Foundation Adam Cheung Thomas Chew John Chiang Jennie Chien Paul Chin Yung Chin David Choi Ailynn Knox-Collins Wilson Chu Cynthia Der Chung Der Anna Don Lester Dun Judy Eisenbrand Norman and Candice Eng Kenneth Eng Julianne Eng Norman Eng Deanna Fone Evelyn Fong Janet Fong Dagmar Fung William Fung Becca Giang Cindy Gieng Julie Ha Dennis Ham Melody Hom Julie Hood Stephen Hsieh Michael Hsieh Tine Hsu Trent Hu Jessica Huang Milana Huang Candace Huey Judy Huey Brian Hui Dennis Jang Serina Jensen Weirong Jiang Catherine Johnston Nicholas Jones Ted Kao Han Kim May and George Koo Mike Kwan James Kwok Anne Kwong Alfred Lee Annie Lee Benny Lee Emery Lee Gordon Lee Henry Lee Jeff and Melvina Lee John Lee Matthew Lee Patricia Lee Wayne Lee Tiffany Lei Andrew Leong Sherman Lew Kitty L. The Chinese Exclusion Act has been made possible in part by a major grant from the National Endowment for the Humanities: Exploring the human endeavor. They relate to the administration of the Chinese exclusion laws, particularly the enforcement of the provision of the convention of December 8, 1894, for the reentry of certain classes of Chinese laborers. As the dislike for the Chinese grew in America, the government found it hard to balance the feelings of Americans with the country's relations with China.
Indexes are available on microfiche. These immigrants we a huge chunk of the labor population and there fore were the backbones of our labor supply. To address these rising social tensions, from the 1850s through the 1870s the California state government passed a series of measures aimed at Chinese residents, ranging from requiring special licenses for Chinese businesses or workers to preventing naturalization. The files are arranged by case number. The exclusion of both of these groups had long damaged U. A financial crisis that began in 1873 with the collapse of a prominent New York City bank, Jay Cooke and Company, rippled through the economy and hit California. Kearney's group succeeded in attaining political power in California, and began to be considered the real opposition party to the Republican Party.
District Court, District of Hawaii, Honolulu Records of the Territorial Court, in existence until 1959, are included. Roll 1 contains an index. Democrats, led by supporters in the West, advocated for all-out exclusion of Chinese immigrants. Often records in one record group can be linked with those in another. The numbering systems are unique to each office or suboffice. This law was later repealed in 1943. One reason for this decrease was, though it applied only to workers involved in mining, others had great difficulty in proving their profession, and most were simply deported back from the harbors.
All local office case files listed above are arranged by case file number. For American presidents and Congressmen addressing the question of Chinese exclusion, the challenge was to balance domestic attitudes and politics, which dictated an anti-Chinese policy, while maintaining good diplomatic relations with China, where exclusion would be seen as an affront and a violation of treaty promises. Up to that point, railroad construction had been booming in the West. The files are arranged by case number. The volume is arranged by date of arrest with an index at the front of the volume. Oregon cases are filed under judgment roll number rather than docket number. Coolies and Cane: Race, Labor, and Sugar in the Age of Emancipation.