That is the main point of your discussion section, but the process is usually a lot more complex than that. . Of course you did, because that is what all good scientists do, and it is a given that you recorded your measurements and observations. In any case, your results may be of importance to others even though they did not support your hypothesis. One reason for using this format is that it is a means of efficiently communicating scientific findings to the broad community of scientists in a uniform manner. How may the participants and sampling techniques not be representative of the target population? Is ondansetron as effective as droperidol in prevention of postoperative nausea and vomiting? The conversation For awhile but he came back I think him and Matt Light Matt Light I think an iPad now writes last year was his best year. In other words, the majority of the Discussion and Conclusions sections should be an interpretation of your results.
For example, in reporting a study of the effect of an experimental diet on the skeletal mass of the rat, consider first giving the data on skeletal mass for the rats fed the control diet and then give the data for the rats fed the experimental diet. You will necessarily make in order to support your interpretations. The purpose of this section is to highlight the major statistical findings from the results section and interpret them. Particularly in Africa where high quality reading materials are oftentimes scarce, early childhood teachers need to be well trained in teaching strategies that foster oral language. Now the writer starts to talk about effects.
Each experiment or procedure should be presented as a unit, even if it was broken up over time. Suppose you found that male Biology majors are, on average, 12. Read and compare these excerpts from the results sections of two biology reports written about the same experiment. Consider how the results of other studies may be combined with yours to derive a new or perhaps better substantiated understanding of the problem. Although these studies show attributions can be made using all this information, it does not prove that they normally are. However, better instructional materials and adequate pay are rarely even distantly related to the topic of the paper! Because the key words identify a specific behavior, a modifying agent, and the experimental organism.
This often makes up for a great discussion section, so do not be afraid to highlight them. Conclusion The final section of the paper is the Conclusion section. To date, there is a growing body of literature documenting the effectiveness of telehealth for a number of medical and mental health difficulties. Limitations All studies have limitations in terms of the sample, measurement or manipulation of key variables, and procedure for data collection. Restates the research question Outlining how this research question is to be assessed reference to previous research. However, the teachers at Tonganoxie Elementary School commented that students from a range of ability levels participated in the study. Stating that the results are inconclusive is the easy way out, and you must always try to pick out something of value.
The participant believed that he was delivering real shocks to the learner. Your discussion should begin with a cogent, one-paragraph summary of the study's key findings, but then go beyond that to put the findings into context, says Stephen Hinshaw, PhD, chair of the psychology department at the University of California, Berkeley. Always report your results with parenthetical reference to the statistical conclusion that supports your finding if statistical tests are being used in your course. Table is never abbreviated, e. The expectation is that very few will keep giving shocks, and that most participants will disobey the order.
No colonies were detected on the combination treatment see Figure 1. An example conclusion is given below. You may want to identify certain types of equipment by vendor name and brand or category e. Experienced and seasoned authors have designed their own style, writing plan and article objectives. Others may read only titles and. Structure : The structure of the Introduction can be thought of as an inverted triangle - the broadest part at the top representing the most general information and focusing down to the specific problem you studied. The Discussion section is sort of an odd beast because it is here where you speculate, but must avoid rambling, guessing, or making logical leaps beyond what is reasonably supported for your data.
Methods Participants There were 30 male participants. Simply put, look at the key topics in the conclusion and recommendations. Headings : Each Appendix should be identified by a Roman numeral in sequence, e. Page 3-: Current theories about the topic. They might be flow diagrams, accumulation of data from the literature, or something that shows how one type of data leads to or correlates with another, etc. A ceiling effect also most likely influenced performance on the Equivalence task, with most students having nearly perfect scores.
Example B is an example from a poorly written results section. Use these tips for your academic article's Research Results section and organize your findings in line with academic writing requirements This article is part of an ongoing series on academic writing help of scholarly articles. Describe your experimental design clearly. The experiment: Say you have just conducted the. I imagine the Results section like a dance with swords -- sometimes you are engaging your partner with the pointy end and sometimes you are gliding alongside them. The text in this article is licensed under the.
Rather, it's the time to pull back and take a fresh look at your work. Finally, after saying all of this, you can make a statement about whether the experiment has contributed to knowledge in the field, or not. However, needs to link between your work and others and convince the readers that you work to agree or disagree with other work based on good discussion. Thus, when information is high in consensus or distinctiveness an attribution is made to the situation and not the person while for information low in either of these characteristics the opposite is true. If not, do they suggest an alternative explanation or perhaps a unforseen design flaw in your experiment or theirs? In this excerpt, details about the statistical tests undertaken and the results of these tests. Maybe the reason that you did not find a significant correlation is because your , or you did not use sensitive enough equipment. Restatement of main findings Reflection about the results of the present research in light of findings reported the literature Comments and questions should be directed to.