Mohammad ghaznavi biography. Muhammad of Ghazni 2019-03-06

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History of Ghazni Mahumud

mohammad ghaznavi biography

By 1001, Mahmud had turned his attention to the fertile lands of the Punjab, now in , which lay southeast of his empire. In 1009, he made a last ditch effort to reconquer lost territories by leading the combined armies of Kanauj, Thaneswar, Multan, Ajmer, Kashmir and Bhopal against Mahmud Ghaznavi. Lahore also became a great center of learning and culture. Mas'ud I's son , then stationed in , gathered his forces and marched upon Ghazni, capturing the throne and sentencing Mohammad to death. He then massacred the worshippers and had the temple burnt. Saad Salman, a poet of those times, has written about the academic and cultural life of Lahore.

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Why did Mahmud of Ghazni plunder 17 times for gold ? Why were the Indian kings not better prepared after 5th or 6th time?

mohammad ghaznavi biography

He maintained a large of Hindu troops, commanded by their own countrymen, whom he employed with great success against his coreligionists in Central Asia. Lahore was called 'Small Ghazni'. A Successful Conqueror and Empire Builder: Muhammad Ghori was not as great a general as Mahmood Ghaznavi. As a Politician: Although Muhammad Ghori was no match to Mahmood Ghaznavi as regards military ability, he was a practical and worthy politician. In 1005 Mahmud of Ghazni invaded Bhatia probably Bhera , and in 1006 he invaded , at which time Anandapala's army attacked him. Such a country presented an irresistible target for the ravening Mongols and their descendents who settled in present day Afghanistan, Uzbekistan, and Tajikistan, all within comparatively easy reach of north-western India. The sultan was just 58 years old.

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Biography of Muhammad Ghori (875 Words)

mohammad ghaznavi biography

कालिंजर गंड चंदेल एवं त्रिलोचनपाल चौदहवा 1021 ई. He never felt disappointment in failures and always made efforts for achieving success. After a few years of war, Khusrau Malik, the last ruler of Ghaznavid dynasty, was captured and imprisoned in Ghur. The victorious army then proceeded to Benares and captured it. Usane bhaarat par aakramaṇa kiyaa aur raajapoot shaasak aanndapaal aur usake chhah raajapoot sahayogiyon ujjain, gvaaliyar, dillee, kaalinjar, ajamer aur kannauj, jinhen raajapoot mahaasngh ke roop men jaanaa jaataa hai ko paraajit kiyaa. King bhimdev of patan gujrat was injured in war and fled to khambhat. The war was turning in favour of hindus but suddenly elephant of Shahi king got a fire arrow struck in its eye and it ran amok with king on its howda.

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Iranian History/Mahmud Ghaznavi

mohammad ghaznavi biography

Usake upar iiraanee deshaprem kaa itanaa ubhaar huaa ki vah svayn ko praacheen iiraanee kinvadantiyon men charchit raajaa 'apharaasiyaab' kaa vnshaj hone kaa daavaa kiyaa karataa thaa. Fear did not find any place in his heart. Ghazni became one of the most important and beautiful cities of the Islamic world. Rajpal s son Trilochanpal who manadged to get help from Kalinjar, Kannauj and from Raja Bhoj of Dharanagari in the form of soldiers, elephants, arms and ammunition etc. He never inspired his soldiers for plundering and destroying the temples. The division was further ordered to pretend or feign flight after sometime fighting.


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Iranian History/Mahmud Ghaznavi

mohammad ghaznavi biography

Towards the close of 1025, Mahmud set from Ghazni and passing through Multan and the desert of Rajputana, he stood before the gates of Somnath on the 9th of January 1026. They are reported to have been behind the assassination of Mas'ud I while he was imprisoned. But more than just being a patron of Persian culture, he also zealously propagated the Persianized form of Islam during his invasions of Afghanistan and India. Moreover, they welcomed Mas'ud as their new leader. His army consisted of heterogeneous elements such as Arabs, Afghanis, Turks and Hindus but he showed wonderful ability in welding together these elements into a powerful and invincible unit. Soon, however, Muhammad's slave troops railed under Abu'l-Najm Ayaz, who had openly changed his allegiance to Muhammad's brother Mas'ud, whose military campaigns in western Iran had earned him a great reputation. It may be his bad luck.

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Muhammad of Ghazni

mohammad ghaznavi biography

Mahmud of Ghazni History in Hindi महमूद गजनवी का इतिहास महमूद गजनवी Mahmud of Ghazni , गजनी सामराज्य का सबसे शक्तिशाली शासक था जिसने तत्कालीन भारत उपमहाद्वीप में आने वाले उत्तर पश्चिम इलाके वर्तमान अफगानिस्तान और पाकिस्तान पर अपनी मौत तक शासन किया था महमूद ने भारत में आकर जमकर पैसा लुटा और अपने साम्राज्य को धनी बनाया था महमूद गजनवी Mahmud of Ghazni पहला शासक था जिसे सुल्तान की उपाधि दी गयी थी अपने शासन के दौरान उसने हिंदुस्तान के कई हिस्सों पर आक्रमण किया और लूटपाट मचाई थी महमूद गजनवी का प्रारम्भिक जीवन Early Life of Mahmud of Ghazni महमूद गजनवी Mahmud of Ghazni का जन्म वर्तमान दक्षिणपूर्व अफगानिस्तान के गजना जिले में 02 नवम्बर 971 ईस्वी में हुआ था उसके पिता सबुक्तगिन एक तुर्की मामलुक था जिसने गजनी साम्राज्य की नींव रखी थी उसकी माँ एक ज़बुलिस्तान के एक कुलीन परिवार की बेटी थी 994 ईस्वी से वो अपने पिता के साथ युद्ध अभियानों में लग गया था और 998 ईस्वी ने गजनी का युद्ध जीतकर अपने पिता की सत्ता सम्भाल ली वहा से वो कांधार के हिस्से को हराने को जीतने के लिए आगे बढ़ा भारत में शुरू की अपने विजय अभियानों की शुरुवात महमूद गजनवी Mahmud of Ghazni ने अपने विजय अभियानों की शुरुवात भारत में उस दौर में की थी जब राजपूत शकित क्षीण हो रही थी महमूद गजनवी Mahmud of Ghazni के भारत पर आक्रमण करने के दो मुख्य कारण थे पहला कर्ण था उसे भारत में छिपी हुयी अपार धन सम्पदा के बारे में पता चला गया था और दूसरा वो इस्लाम को भारत में फैलाना चाहता था इसके अलावा वो लुटे हुयी धन सम्पदा से अपनी राजधानी गजनी को मध्य एशिया का सबसे शक्तिशाली प्रदेश बनाना चाहता था महमूद गजनवी Mahmud of Ghazni ने अब उत्तरी भारत में अपने विजय अभियानों की शुरुवात सन 1000ईस्वी से की महमूद गजनवी ने अपनी मौत तक भारत पर 17 बार आक्रमण किया था उसके विजय अभियानों में उसका रास्ता राजा जयपाल और उसके पुत्र ने रोका था जिसे उसने पराजित कर दिया था 1009 ईस्वी से लेकर 1026 ईस्वी तक महमूद गजनवी ने काबुल , कन्नौज ,मथुरा ,कांगड़ा ,थानेश्वर ,कश्मीर ,ग्वालियर ,मालवा , बुंदेलखंड , बंगाल और पंजाब के इलाको पर आक्रमण किया था भारत पर किया 17 बार आक्रमण महमूद गजनवी Mahmud of Ghazni ने अपने जीवन में कभी भी शिकस्त नही खाई थी ऐसा कहा जाता है कि वो हमेशा भारत पर गर्मी के दिनों में आक्रमण करता था और मानसून शुरू होने के साथ वापस गजनी लौट जाता था इसका प्रमुख कारण था कि वो पंजाब की बहती नदियों से बचना चाहता था और उसे डर था कि उसकी सेना उन नदियों से अटक न जाए उसके इस 17 आक्रमणों में उसने कई साम्राज्यों को नस्तेनाबुद कर दिया था आइये उसके सभी आक्रमणों पर नजर डालते है आक्रमण आक्रमण वर्ष आक्रमण प्रदेश आक्रमण वाले प्रदेश के शासक पहला 1000 ई. Trilochanapaal antim shaahee raajaa jise mahamood ke dvaaraa ajamer ko palaayan karane ke lie majaboor kiyaa gayaa thaa. The present temple is the seventh temple built on the original site. They arrested and imprisoned Muhammad. A number of soldiers in his army were also Hindus. He was the younger of a set of twins; this circumstance resulted in civil strife.

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Muhammad of Ghazni

mohammad ghaznavi biography

Even then they had not stopped fighting with each other or their neighbour for petty gains. He received only the small kingdom of Ghazni in legacy but he left behind a vast empire. A number of soldiers in his army were also Hindus. Legacy Mahmud of Ghazni left behind a mixed legacy Mahmud of Ghazni left behind a mixed legacy. Usakaa agalaa abhiyaan naagarakoṭ thaa jisakee looṭ ke lie usane 1009 iisvee men hamalaa kiyaa. कश्मीर स्त्री शासिका पन्द्रहवा 1022 ई.

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Muhammad of Ghazni

mohammad ghaznavi biography

Sistan was subsequently incorporated as a province of the Ghaznavid Empire. In 1040, at the , they decisively defeated Mahmud's son, , resulting in Mas'ud abandoning most of his western territories to the Seljuks. The target region belonged to fierce but fractious Hindu kings, who refused to coordinate their defense against the Muslim threat issuing from Afghanistan. मुल्तान सुखपाल छठा 1008-1009 ई. Mahmud was also a deeply religious man. Then demands as well but is rebuffed. A year later he was murdered by his nephew.


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Mahmud Ghaznavi

mohammad ghaznavi biography

Hence the destruction of the Ghaznavid power in the Punjab demanded the immediate attention of the Ghouri king. The Indians, believing that their leader was turning tail, fled from the battlefield strewn with their dead and dying. It is mentioned in the Rig Veda. When Maḥmūd ascended the throne in 998 at the age of 27, he already showed remarkable administrative ability and statesmanship. There he sacked the city of and its renowned Hindu. He not only suppressed the rebels with the help of his powerful army and competent staff but also extended his territory.

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Mahmud Of Ghazni History In Hindi

mohammad ghaznavi biography

Aibak was a man of military ability and political insight. Mahmud initiated the first of numerous invasions of. This view is corroborated by Ibn Khaldun, Farishta and Wolseley Haig. In a battle near now in the Indians, though superior in numbers and equipment, fell back under the onslaught of the Muslim horsemen, leaving behind 15,000 dead. Appoints Sewakpal to administer the region. Since Mahmud never kept a permanent presence in the northwestern subcontinent, he engaged in a policy of destroying Hindu temples and monuments to crush any move by the Hindus to attack the Empire; , , , , 1023 and all submitted or were raided.

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