The folkways, at a time, provide for all the needs of life then and there. They are a type of social norm -- expectations for how we act. Religious doctrines are an example of mores that govern social behavior. By conforming to the mores the individual gains identification with his fellows and maintains those social bonds which are essential for satisfactory living. Laws exist to discourage behavior that would typically result in injury or harm to another person, including violations of property rights. In sociology, folkways are generally discussed in contrast to mores because they are both types of social norms, though they vary in the degree to which they are enforced.
There are unwritten rules that dictate how a person should behave in a given situation around a given group of people. He writes I mean by mores the popular usages and traditions when they include a judgment that they are conducive to social welfare and when they exert coercion on the individual to conform to them although they are not coordinated by any authority. They differ from individual to individual and place to place. A group through trial and error, sheer accident or some unknown influence may arrive at one of the possibilities, repeats it and accepts it as the normal way of behavior. As a example, individuals from America often greet each other with a simple hello, or a handshake. While both folkways and mores instruct people on how they should act, mores, which represent the values of a group, are stricter while folkways are the feelings, thinking, and actions of a group and are less strict.
So first up are folkways. According to Lundberg, folkways designate those uniformities in the behavior of a group which develop relatively spontaneously and even unconsciously in adapting to common life conditions and which become established through repetition and general occurance. However, mores do not always have serious consequences. And on that note about punishment, let's talk about the sanctions for violating norms. You might get a strange look if you walk backwards down the sidewalk, but it's unlikely much is going to happen. There is no serious consequence for his behavior other than your disapproval. The mores of a society usually predicate legislation prohibiting their taboos.
For example, many American tourists are confused by the bartering that goes on in other cultures. These are called social norms and they refer to the ways that different cultures expect people to behave. But laws define murder as wrong in a more specific way, and there is a specific punishment attached. But, something that is taboo in one culture might not be taboo in all cultures. So let's use baseball as an example again.
So norms provide structure within groups and set specific standards for how people can behave. They include the innumerable ways of behavior men have evolved about the business of social living. However, mores do not, as is commonly supposed, necessarily carry connotations of morality. Everyday, our actions and interactions are guided by a set of shared, often tacit, understandings of how to behave in the world. They're basically just common rules or manners that we're supposed to follow on a day-to-day basis. The errors entered into the folkways, formed a part of them, and were protected by them. In this situation he has now broken a law and will receive some kind of punishment.
It is important to note that different cultures have different social norms. We may come away from the person with a bad impression, but we will not be calling the police to report his behavior. But violating folkways will probably only result in some funny looks. They generally arise unconsciously in a group such as shaking hands, tipping the hat, calling on strangers and without planned or rational thought. Mores, on the other hand, are moral customs, manners, traditions, and conventions of a social group or society. Now, it is a norm to not engage in taboos, and if a taboo is committed, it is considered very immoral behavior.
They include the innumerable ways of behavior men have evolved about the business of social living. He was one of the best —loved and most inspiring teachers at Yale where he used to teach political economy but later he changed his interest to sociology. We tackle math, science, computer programming, history, art history, economics, and more. But just know that if a taboo were to occur, it would be met with overwhelming disgust and would have serious legal consequences. The wearing of a cap, hat or turban and many other matters of dress are habits of individuals but they are folkways from the point of view of the group.
But there is a difference between the two that the folkways are of more general and wider character than the customs and cover all those modes of behavior or spontaneous usages which are not included in the term customs. First, we have folkways, which are the rules that govern informal or casual interaction. Mores are things like the famous expression thou shall not kill. If an individual does not follow folkway he may find himself socially isolated which would make survival difficult. Behaviour contrary to mores is not permitted by society.
They are the values, virtues, and norms of society that define how they should act and interact with each other. They are developed from the established practices of a group of people and not from their laws. In time, these habits become widely accepted, constant, and more positive becoming into a way of life and turning into folkways. These beliefs, habits, practices, rules, customs, traditions, and manners are called by different names. But if you don't tell your friend then there's no specific consequence other than your friend maybe being embarrassed. Only such ways of behavior are folkways as have been approved by the group to which they relate. These make each society different and shape how their people act.
Some of these practices may be approved by society or not while others may be tolerated or not by members of the group. Violations of folkways bring only mild censure in the form of some smiles, glances, or occasional comments from others. Taboos are behaviors that a society, in general, is made very uncomfortable by. Think of folkways as more like the norms that govern casual or informal social interaction. This indicates that the folkways are on their way to a new adjustment. And mores are norms that are based on some moral value or belief. The folkways are thus the product of frequent repetition of petty acts, often by great numbers acting in concert or at least acting in the same way when face to face with the same needs.