There is no blinking at the fact that our people, our territory, and our interests are in grave danger. As Commander in Chief of the Army and Navy, I have directed that all measures be taken in for our defense. No matter how long it may take us to overcome this premeditated invasion, the American people in their righteous might will win through to absolute victory. Roosevelt was just finishing lunch in his oval study on the second floor of the White House, preparing to work on his stamp album, when his telephone rang. I regret to tell you that very many American lives have been lost. One of the easiest ways to gain attention after a tragic event is for a leader to emerge.
Last night Japanese forces attacked Guam. This speech also plays into the ideologies of racism against the Japanese which strengthens his argument. Last night, Japanese forces attacked Hong Kong. The purpose of all 3 countries was to have ultimate power of 4 countries one of those being the United States of. The attack include mass--concentrating the combat power at the decisive place and time.
And, later: Yesterday the Japanese Government also launched an attack against Malaya. I ask that the Congress declare that since the unprovoked and dastardly attack by Japan on Sunday, December 7th, 1941, a state of war has existed between the United States and the Japanese Empire. But this day was different. Delivering his speech on the day after the , Roosevelt presented himself as immediately ready to face this issue, indicating its importance to both him and the nation. As of the and Navy, I have directed that all measures be taken for our defense.
Last night, the Japanese attacked Wake Island. More importantly, this is the only appeal to logic logos within the speech. Very many American lives have been lost. By doing this Roosevelt gives equal importance to the nation and to Congress, which helps him get a positive response from both audiences. Last night, Japanese forces attacked Guam.
He knew that the nation would be listening to the speech and he obviously knew that Congress would be present when he would be delivering the speech. For the rest of that afternoon, sixty years ago, Roosevelt and his advisers were busy at the White House receiving fragmentary reports about the damage to U. Needless to say the people of America were both frightened and confused, looking to their leader President George W. Recruiting stations were jammed with a surge of volunteers, and had to go on 24-hour duty to deal with the crowds seeking to sign up, in numbers reported to be twice as high as after Woodrow Wilson's declaration of war in 1917. Disloyal Japanese Americans no longer had a way to assist the Japanese Sonia.
As Campbell notes in Deeds Done in Words: Presidential Rhetoric and the Genres of Governance, is similar to inaugural rhetoric in that the speaker utilizes their speech to inform their audience that now is the necessary time for them to take charge. Pathos: the Emotional Appeal Hostilities exist. The people of the United States have already formed their opinions and well understand the implications to the very life and safety of our nation. But always will our whole nation remember the character of the onslaught against us. Your analysis of pathos is extensive and well done.
He successfully informed the audience about what happened without causing confusing in neither of them. Last night, the Japanese attacked Wake Island. Roosevelt, therefore, chose to make an appeal aimed more at the gut level—in effect, an appeal to patriotism, rather than to idealism. Curiously, however, he did not make changes on draft two but went back to draft one and made corrections on it. It will be recorded that the distance of Hawaii from Japan makes it obvious that the attack was deliberately planned many days or even weeks ago. Yesterday, the Japanese government also launched an attack against Malaya.
The United States was at peace with that nation and, at the solicitation of Japan, was still in conversation with its government and its emperor looking toward the maintenance of peace in the Pacific. He did not include the kind of language that the nation would not understand just because he was talking to congress. Running little more than five hundred words, the message was dictated without hesitation or second thoughts. After having the treaty in place he then sent to attack Indochina. On the other hand, more neutral words would be more appropriate if your goal was to heal wounds.
No matter how long it may take us to overcome this premeditated invasion, the American people in their righteous might will win through to absolute victory. And this morning the Japanese attacked. More than 3,000 people lost their lives or were injured that morning, and the attack propelled us into war against the Axis Alliance. I believe that I interpret the will of the Congress and of the people when I assert that we will not only defend ourselves to the uttermost but will make it very certain that this form of treachery shall never again endanger us. Last night Japanese forces attacked Guam. Roosevelt's speech had the desired effect, with only one Representative Jeannette Rankin voting against the declaration of war he sought; the wider isolationist movement collapsed almost immediately.
Through the misjudgment of numerous U. Also he did not deliver the speech on a manner that would not be appropriate for Congress he used just the right language that would be understood by both audiences. In addition, American ships have been reported torpedoed on the high seas between and Honolulu. Word choice positive or negative language : Does the speaker use mostly positive words or negative words? There is no blinking at the fact that our people, our territory, and our interests are in grave danger. I ask that the Congress declare that since the unprovoked and dastardly attack by Japan on Sunday, December 7th, 1941, a state of war has existed between the United States and the Japanese empire. Nonetheless, he took pains to draw a symbolic link with the April 1917 declaration of war: when he went to Congress on December 8, 1941, he was accompanied by , President Wilson's widow. I regret to tell you that very many American lives have been lost.