On the basis of the Vedas and Upanishads, he provided a new life to Indian society. However, his efforts and dreams were materialized into reality even after his death. It was renamed as Presidency College in 1855 and was upgraded as full university recently in 2010. The zameendars, being preoccupied in business, had little time for affairs of Sabha, and flame of Sabha was almost extinguished. He also advocated re-marriage of widows under specified circumstances. He inspired men to cultivate rationality.
On 23 January 1830 or 11th Magh, the Adi Brahmo premises were publicly inaugurated with about 500 Brahmins and 1 Englishman present. According to him a man must possess virtues like merry, morality, catholicity, forgiveness and so on. A modern researcher describes the Sabha's philosophy as modern middle-class bourgeois Vedanta. As a youth, he traveled widely outside Bengal and mastered several languages—, , , and , in addition to his native and. Raja Ram Mohan Roy and his Brahmo Samaj played a vital role in awakening Indian society to the pressing issues plaguing society at that time and also was the forerunner of all social, religious and political movements that happened in the country since. He advocated the Jury system also. He was determined to give women her proper place in the society.
He first realized the value of free press and free opinion. He first published a weekly to ventilate the views of the people on social, political, economic problems both national and international. How then can you accuse them of want of understanding? Champion of Women Liberty : Raja Ram Mohan Roy advocated the liberty of Women. His father Ramkanto Roy was a Vaishnavite, while his mother Tarinidevi was a Shaivite—this was very unusual during those times where marriages between different religious sub sects were uncommon. . Instead of establishing a separate religion, Rammohan wanted to reform Hinduism.
He studied Christianity and Islam as well. However, this schism gave a fatal blow to Brahmo Samaj as no leader of his stature rose later. Thus, many evil practices like caste system, Sati, Child marriage. It was then known as ShishuNiketan. It condemned ritualistic practices like animal sacrifice, offering of Prasad and so on.
Initially confined to immediate members of the Tagore family, in 2 years it mustered over 500 members. His ideas and ideals inspired nationalism in India. Vidyavagish had a brief falling out with Carey and separated from the group, but maintained ties to Ram Mohan Roy. He launched a sustained campaign for promulgation of a law for the abolition of Sati. Raja Rammohan Roy founded Brahmo Samaj in 1828 in the name of Brahmo Sabha. He proposed instead a modern Western curriculum of study. Even he went to England to give witness before the Privy Council against this cruel practice where the orthodox Indians had appealed hot to repeal his system.
Reforms: а Religious: As a Hindu, Rammohan was well aware of the weak points from which Hinduism was suffering. The Brahmo Samaj of India split after this act of underage marriage generated a controversy and his pro-British utterances and leaning towards Christian rites generated more controversies. Sen's faction by his own brother , Hemendranath took the bold decisions to expand his Sabha out from Calcutta. Raja Ram Mohan Roy — The Father of the Indian Renaissance Early Life and Education 1772—1796 Ram Mohan Roy was born on 22 May 1772 in Radhanagar of Hooghly District in what was then Bengal Presidency. Ram Mohan carried on his reforms and set standards for other Indians to follow.
Its judicial sections were used in the law courts of the English Settlement in Bengal as Hindu Law for adjudicating upon property disputes of the zamindari. The central theme of those texts, for Roy, was the worship of the Supreme God who is beyond human knowledge and who supports the universe. Rammohan became the pioneer of Indian nationalism by preaching the sensitive value of unity among men. Rammohan stood against idol worship, beliefs in many Gods and Goddesses, meaningless ceremonies and unnecessary rituals. It also ensures that the students are equipped with the knowledge of handling themselves and helping others in the time of emergencies by conducting regular mock — drills for earthquake and fire. He estimated that around one-half of all total revenue collected in India was sent out to England, leaving India, with a considerably larger population, to use the remaining money to maintain social well-being.
It was the society of the worshippers of one God. Thus, he became the harbinger of a modem age. Coming in contact with the Christian Missonaries, he also learnt the real meaning of Christianity. Sati, Caste rigidity, polygamy, child marriages etc. He is sometimes called the father of modern.
One fault they have, it must be acknowledged; which is, by considering others equally void of duplicity as themselves, to give their confidence too readily, from which they suffer much misery, even so far that some of them are misled to suffer themselves to be burnt to death. Champion of Internationalism : Raja Ram Mohan Roy was the champion of internalism. He advised Indians to have self-freedom in thought and action. Social Reforms: In 1828, he set up the Brahmo Sabha which became Brahmo Samaj, a movement of reformist Bengali Brahmins to fight against social evils. Weekly meetings were arranged and papers on different subjects were read and discussed in it, and once a month Divine Service was also held.