Here's the full text: Bright star, would I were stedfast as thou art— Not in lone splendour hung aloft the night And watching, with eternal lids apart, Like nature's patient, sleepless Eremite, The moving waters at their priestlike task Of pure ablution round earth's human shores, Or gazing on the new soft-fallen mask Of snow upon the mountains and the moors— No—yet still stedfast, still unchangeable, Pillow'd upon my fair love's ripening breast, To feel for ever its soft fall and swell, Awake for ever in a sweet unrest, Still, still to hear her tender-taken breath, And so live ever—or else swoon to death. To his ears, this music is just as sweet as the music of spring. Autumn can be described as the 'twilight months' of the year; a time when the buds have bloomed and are in their full glory; a time when the young have grown and are ready to face the challenges of survival; a time when the old live out their last days before the onset of winter. Evidence of this is discernible in the more careful and detached narrative style of 'Lamia' Summer 1819 and in the changed ending of 'The Eve of St Agnes' January 1819 where the reappearance of the old and palsied Beadsman and Angela after the romantic happy ending is an attempt to make the poem seem, in his own words, 'less smokeable'. Analysis of Keats' To Autumn John Keats' poem To Autumn is essentially an ode to Autumn and the change of seasons.
For more on how the sonnets are grouped, please see the. If Autumn were a metaphor for life, then it would represent those of middle age, who have the benefit of hindsight and the wisdom of years of experience to draw from. By that Keats expresses the importance of autumn for the whole. In the beginning of each stanza, Keats declares a theme, and over the ensuing lines presents varying examples of that theme. On the other hand, there is no direct evidence of Keats writing in his letter about his fear of developing the illness.
In the second stanza, there is an evident personification. In terms of both thematic organization and rhyme cheme, each stanza is divided roughly into two parts. Of course a poem can only be dedicated to a human being and not to a. As the sun ages, things die. This insight makes it apparent that Keats writes from first-hand experience.
Stanza 2 presents Autumn as midway through her work: lying on a 'half-reap'd' furrow; then as a gleaner half-way across a brook F. I am using the words process, flux, and change interchangeably in my discussion of Keats's poems. In the third stanza, the speaker tells Autumn not to wonder where the songs of spring have gone, but instead listen to her own music. However, death is an important factor here. The ancient Greeks had many deities that represented natural objects and occurrences - Helios, the sun god, or Hephaestus, god of fire, for example - in an attempt to explain the world around them. How to cite this article: Shakespeare, William.
Their sounds rise and fall with the rise and fall of the wind. Obviously thin, old age is a complement to youth, as death is to life. Throughout the poem, Keats alludes to the pastoral tradition in poetry, a form of poetic writing that celebrates the idea of the countryside and focuses primarily on the description of the surroundings. The Autumn spares a swath of grains cut down by the harvesters because She thinks that the poor gleaner would gladly gather this swath. The poet is preparing his young friend, not for the approaching literal death of his body, but the metaphorical death of his youth and passion.
The extraordinary achievement of this poem lies in its ability to suggest, explore, and develop a rich abundance of themes without ever ruffling its calm, gentle, and lovely description of autumn. Both alliteration and onomatopoeia are apparent in this stanza: 'thy hair soft-lifted by the winnowing wind' Line 4. Because this ode describes the process of fruition and decay in autumn, keep in mind the passage of time as you read it. The poet's deep insecurities swell irrepressibly as he concludes that the young man is now focused only on the signs of his aging -- as the poet surely is himself. The conspiracy that the Autumn and the Spring indulge in leads to ways of bend the mossy cottage trees with apples. The poem is rather a celebration of the cycle of life and acceptance that death is part of life.
It is quite fitting that his greatest piece was the last one that he ever wrote before he met with his unfortunate end. Although autumn will be followed by the cold and barren winter, winter itself will in turn give way to fresh spring. On deeper reading it becomes evident that it is more than just that. The last lines of this stanza consist of a combination of the autumn sounds, of the animal sounds lines from 30 to 33 as I said before few lines above. By engaging in the tragic suffering of Moneta and the misery of the Titans, he places his own anxieties in the context of an abstract, eternal story, and together with the beauty of Moneta's presence, this gives his understanding and assurance: 'But for her eyes I should have fled away.
Do not think of them; you have your own music. The poem is rather a celebration of the cycle of life and acceptance that death is part of life. Life must go on but it cannot continue without death that completes one individual life and begins another. Ode to Autumn by John Keats: Summary and Analysis In this poem Keats describes the season of Autumn. It has spared the margin of the stalks intertwined with flowers. To Autumn Notes on To Autumn by John Keats This poem has a sense of conflict and ambiguity similar to earlier dramatic and questioning odes. The understated sense of inevitable loss in that final line makes it one of the most moving moments in all of poetry; it can be read as a simple, uncomplaining summation of the entire human condition.
What renders it pathetic, in the good instead of the bad sense, is the sinister diminution of the time concept, quatrain by quatrain. Arnold's introduction to The Practical Works of John Keats, pp. Each of these stanzas describes a different part of autumn, the beginning, middle and end. This attitude towards nature, and especially towards this particular season, speaks much of Keats' attitude to life itself. Looks like we might have to separate the two of them. Is oxymoron used in this expression? This poem was written on crisp, fall day in September Flesch. After sharing a one or two sentence summary of the poem, have students work in small groups to paraphrase it.
All these little disharmonies create a certain atmosphere through the poem. The experience he has had seems so strange and confusing that he is not sure whether it was a vision or a daydream. One is Keats' evaluation of life; life is a vale of tears and frustration. The nightingale represents transcendence to a better world and its song is the means by which the narrator reaches this state. The first stanza is a celebration of autumn: note the gorgeous, long-vowelled imagery that accompanies the writing, the reference to abundance; although autumn has been taken, in much of British literature, as the start of death, as a melancholy time, Keats has taken it here as a fruitful period of existence.